28 Feb 2021

feedDZone Java Zone

SKP's Algorithms and Data Structures #9: Java Problem: Monkeys in the Garden

[Question/Problem Statement is the Property of Techgig]

Monkeys in the Garden [www.techgig.com]

In a garden, trees are arranged in a circular fashion with an equal distance between two adjacent trees. The height of trees may vary. Two monkeys live in that garden and they were very close to each other. One day they quarreled due to some misunderstanding. None of them were ready to leave the garden. But each one of them wants that if the other wants to meet him, it should take maximum possible time to reach him, given that they both live in the same garden.

28 Feb 2021 11:12pm GMT

SKP's Algorithms and Data Structures #8: Java Problem: Simple Inheritance (OOPs)

[Question/Problem Statement is the Property of Techgig]

Java Inheritance / Simple OOPs [www.techgig.com]
Create Two Classes:

The Rectangle class should have two data fields-width and height of int types. The class should have display() method, to print the width and height of the rectangle separated by space.

The RectangleArea class is Derived from Rectangle class, i.e., it is the Sub-Class of Rectangle class. The class should have read_input() method, to Read the Values of width and height of the Rectangle. The RectangleArea class should also Overload the display() Method to Print the Area (width*height) of the Rectangle.

Input Format
The First and Only Line of Input contains two space-separated Integers denoting the width and height of the Rectangle.

1 <= width,height <= 10^3

Output Format
The Output Should Consist of Exactly Two Lines.
In the First Line, Print the Width and Height of the Rectangle Separated by Space.
In the Second Line, Print the Area of the Rectangle.

[Explanation of the Solution]
This is the Simplest of all OOPs Questions! Demonstration of Inheritance and Overriding (Very Loosely, Liskov Substitution of SOLID).

[Source Code, Sumith Puri (c) 2021 - Free to Use and Distribute]


  * Techgig Core Java Basics Problem - Get Simple OOPs Right!  
  * Author: Sumith Puri [I Bleed Java!]; GitHub: @sumithpuri;  
  import java.io.*;   
  import java.util.*;   
  class Rectangle {  
    private int width;  
    private int height;  
    public void display() {  
      System.out.println(width + " " + height);  
    public int getWidth() {  
      return width;  
    public void setWidth(int width) {  
    public int getHeight() {  
      return height;  
    public void setHeight(int height) {  
  class RectangleArea extends Rectangle {  
    public void read_input() {  
     Scanner scanner = new Scanner (System.in);   
    public void display() {  
  public class CandidateCode {   
   public static void main(String args[] ) throws Exception {   
     RectangleArea rectangleArea = new RectangleArea();  

28 Feb 2021 11:09pm GMT

SKP's Algorithms and Data Structures #7: Functional Programming and Java Lambdas

[Question/Problem Statement is the Property of Techgig]

Java Advanced - Lambda Expressions [www.techgig.com]
Write the Following Methods that Return a Lambda Expression Performing a Specified Action: Perform Operation isOdd(): The Lambda Expression must return if a Number is Odd or If it is Even. Perform Operation isPrime(): The lambda expression must return if a number is prime or if it is composite. PerformOperation isPalindrome(): The Lambda Expression must return if a number is a Palindrome or if it is not.

Input Format
Input is as Show in the Format Below
1 3
2 7
3 7777


Output Format
Output is as Show in the Format Below

[Explanation of the Solution]
This is a Good Question to Refresh Java 8 Lambdas. In my Solution, I Implemented the Functional Interfaces within my main() Method and assigned it to Local Reference Variables.

28 Feb 2021 11:06pm GMT

SKP's Algorithms and Data Structures #6: Java Problem: Active Traders

[Question/Problem Statement is the Property of HackerRank]

Algorithms/Data Structures - [Problem Solving]
An Institutional Broker wants to Review their Book of Customers to see which are Most Active. Given a List of Trades By "Customer Name, Determine which Customers Account for At Least 5% of the Total Number of Trades. Order the List Alphabetically Ascending By Name."

n = 23
"customers = {"Bigcorp", "Bigcorp", "Acme", "Bigcorp", "Zork", "Zork", "Abe", "Bigcorp", "Acme", "Bigcorp", "Bigcorp", "Zork", "Bigcorp", "Zork", "Zork", "Bigcorp", "Acme", "Bigcorp", "Acme", "Bigcorp", "Acme", "Littlecorp", "Nadircorp"}."

"Bigcorp had 10 Trades out of 23, which is 43.48% of the Total Trades."
"Both Acme and Zork had 5 trades, which is 21.74% of the Total Trades."
"The Littlecorp, Nadircorp, and Abe had 1 Trade Each, which is 4.35%..."

"So the Answer is ["Acme","Bigcorp","Zork"] (In Alphabetical Order) Because only These Three Companies Placed at least 5% of the Trades.

Function Description

Complete the Function mostActive in the Editor Below.

has the following parameter:
String customers[n]: An Array Customer Names
(Actual Question Says String Array, But Signature is List of Strings)

28 Feb 2021 11:00pm GMT

SKP's Algorithms and Data Structures #5: Java Problem: Changes in Usernames

[Question/Problem Statement is the Adapted from HackerRank]

Algorithms/Data Structures - [Problem Solving]
There is a Specific Need for Changes in a List of Usernames. In a given List of Usernames - For Each Username - If the Username can be Modified and Moved Ahead in a Dictionary. The Allowed Modification is that Alphabets can change Positions in the Given Username.

usernames[] = {"Aba", "Cat"}
"Aba" can be Changed to only "Baa" - Hence, It can Never Find a Place Ahead in the Dictionary. Hence, Output will be "NO". "Cat" can be Changed to "Act", "Atc", "Tca", "Tac", "Cta" and Definitely "Act" will Find a Place Before "Cat" in the Dictionary. Hence, Output will be "YES".

[Function Description]
Complete the function possibleChanges in the Editor Below.
possibleChanges has the Following Parameters:
String usernames[n]: An Array of User Names
Returns String[n]: An Array with "YES" or "NO" Based on Feasibility
(Actual Question Says String Array, But Signature is List of Strings)

• [No Special Constraints Exist, But Cannot Recall Exactly]

Input Format
"The First Line Contains an Integer, n, the Number of Elements in Usernames.",
"Each Line of the n Subsequent Lines (where 0 < i < n) contains a String usernames[i]."

[Sample Case 0 - Sample Input For Custom Testing]
Sample Output (Each Should Be on a Separate Line)

[Explanation of the Solution]
This is again a Good Question from Hacker Rank to Test Your Logic / Problem Solving Abilities. The Core Point to Handle is that For Each Combination of 2 Alphabets that Exists in the Username String > We Need to Check if the Latter Occurring Character (ASCII) is Less than the Former Occurring Character (ASCII). For Example in the String "Bapg" - For a Selection of "Ba" from "Bapg" - We have "a" Occurring Before "B" in the English Alphabet. We can Have Two Loops (One Nested) to Decide for a Combination of Each Two Alphabets. The Time Complexity of this Solution is O(n^2).

[Source Code, Sumith Puri (c) 2021 - Free to Use and Distribute]

28 Feb 2021 10:45pm GMT

SKP's Java/Java EE Gotchas: BCEL Issue on JiBX 1.2.5 (java.lang.CharSequence)

So, I spent some time on resolving this issue with a combination of the following:

1. JiBX 1.2.5 / JiBX 1.2.6
2. JDK 1.8

During the jibx-maven-plugin:bind phase of the Maven Build, you may get an error when you upgrade from JDK 1.x to JDK 1.8; The issue will manifest in the following most common form/error:
Failed to execute goal org.jibx:jibx-maven-plugin:1.2.5:bind (bind-compile) on project common: Error loading class java.lang.CharSequence: Error reading path java/lang/CharSequence.class for class java.lang.CharSequence

You can modify your pom.xml, to make these changes to fix this error.

1. Include the Repository for BCEL 6.0
Include the Repository for BCEL 6.0

2. Check the version of JiBX [Choose any of 1.2.5 or 1.2.6]
Check the version of JiBX [Choose any of 1.2.5 or 1.2.6]

3. Exclude default 'BCEL' from the Build
Exclude default 'BCEL' from the Build

4. See the modifications for the plugin 'jibx-maven-plugin'
See the modifications for the plugin 'jibx-maven-plugin'

5. Voila!
Build Success!

28 Feb 2021 10:35pm GMT

SKP's Java/Java EE Gotchas: Clustered Nodes Issue Using Apache Lucene 5.4.y

So, We just spent about 28+ days - using Stack Overflow and Hibernate Search Forums as also various other resources to 'FIX' the strangest of issues using Hibernate Search and Apache Lucene. The right help or pointer came from the 'Hibernate Search Committers/Creators' (Official Forums). Thanks a lot to 'sanne.grinovero'.

Issue Description: In a (non-replicated) clustered environment, if the Indexing by Lucene or Hibernate Search is done from the Same Database (Instance) using the Same Data the Results obtained are Different on Different Nodes. In other words, the Same Data from the Same Database Instance Indexed using the Same Code Yields a Different Result Set for the Same Search Term (Index Contents are Different on Different Machines).

Issue Resolution / Root Cause: The point to note is that, if you open a 'Hibernate Session' that you use for your 'Apache Lucene or Hibernate Search Indexing' and if a 'Runtime/Exception' occurs before you 'Close' the session, the results that are obtained across different machines, when queried using the same search term. Though this occurred after the 'console logs' reported that the Index is '100% Successfully Completed' - It has led to an inconsistent index across machine. My analysis is that 'session.close()' below may be leading to some 'flushing or committing to the indexing', which leads to the inconsistency when a runtime exception occurs - even after indexing is reported complete by the Hibernate/Hibernate Search on the 'Console Logs'.

Suggestion: Make sure that there are no Runtime Exceptions (or Errors) before Closing the Session. Even if you find that the Indexing is 100% Complete and there is an Exception right at the End - Please do not Ignore/Keep/Park it (Considering it a Minor or Unrelated Error) for a fix at the 'End of Dev Cycle' as it may Impact Results. This is true for any seemingly unrelated exception that may occur before calling 'session.close()'.

I am pasting the statement here from Hibernate Search Forums (Committer), which may be useful for all of you and helped us to finally resolve this error: If a batch of documents failed, you might have a block of documents missing in one of the indexes (and this could happen several times). By default errors are logged, you might want to hook up an ErrorHandler to raise a more serious notification to your admins - if logs are ignored.


28 Feb 2021 10:29pm GMT

HTTP gRPC With spring-web

When we have done HTTP to gRPC transcoding with help of envoy gRPC-JSON transcoder, then we must have gone through the following steps:

  1. Use google.api.http to annotate gRPC services
  2. Configure protoc to generate proto descriptor set
  3. Configure envoy proxy filter_chains on another port

To facilitate this procedure, some automation scripts are needed. Not trivial considering processing generated code and descriptors, packaging and distributing them differently, and configurations. When we provide gRPC services with grpc-java anyway and use spring-web to knit components together, we can tremendously simplify the work required to transcode HTTP to gRPC, namely:

28 Feb 2021 7:59pm GMT

How to Send/Receive Product Object To/From Queue (Spring + JMS + ActiveMQ Example with Annotations) [Video]

In the video below, we take a closer look at the How to Send/Receive product object to/from Queue(Spring + JMS + ActiveMQ Example with Annotations). Let's get started!

28 Feb 2021 6:18am GMT

SKP's Java/Java EE Gotchas: Java Native Interface (JNI): Unsatisfied Link Error

I Spent Almost Two Whole Days Trying To Solve This Issue. I Did Everything Possible From Altering My C++ Code (Changing The Return Types) To Compiling From Command Line Rather Than The IDE. Also, I Tried A Number Of Other Steps Like Changing The Classpath, Refactoring Package Names To Changing Names Of The Generated Header Files. Finally, I Found The Following Resolution.

Whenever the C++ Compiler (GCC) Generates a DLL, It is Exported in the Following Form:

Where The Integer Suffix Suggests The Byte Space Required By The Arguments. This Sort Of Function Call Makes No Sense To The JVM (While Invoking Some Native Method) And Hence It Leads To java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError. The Resolution Is To Add The Following Flags While Linking To Generate Unmangled Names:

28 Feb 2021 12:27am GMT

27 Feb 2021

feedDZone Java Zone

Java Joy: Merge Maps Using Stream API

In Java, we can merge a key/value pair into a Map with the merge method. The first parameter is the key, the second the value, and the third parameter of the merge method is a remapping function that is applied when the key is already present in the Map instance. The remapping function has the value of the key in the original Map and the new value. We can define in the function what the resulting value should be. If we return null, the key is ignored.

If we want to merge multiple Map instances, we can use the Stream API. We want to convert the Map instances to a stream of Map.Entry instances, which we then turn into a new Map instance with the toMap method from the class Collectors. The toMap method also takes a remapping function when there is a duplicate key. The function defines what the new value is based on the two values of the duplicate key that was encountered. We can choose to simply ignore one of the values and return the other value. But we can also do some computations in this function, for example creating a new value using both values.

27 Feb 2021 4:51pm GMT

Uploading Files in Spring Boot Apps

Uploading files is one of the most common operations in a web application. In this article, we will look at how to upload file from an HTML page and copy it to the file system on the server.

Creating an HTML Form With File Upload Option

The HTML code below and its corresponding JavaScript code creates the HTML form and binds the form with the API created in your Spring Boot application:

27 Feb 2021 4:33pm GMT

How to Send/Receive Text Messages to/from a Queue

In the video below, we take a closer look at how to send and receive text messages to and from your queues. We'll use Spring + JMS + ActiveMQ with this example, as well as show the annotations you'll need. Let's get started!

27 Feb 2021 4:16pm GMT

Using Quarkus for Building Reactive Applications

When building applications and microservices for container environments like Kubernetes and OpenShift, efficient usage of resources is key. Similarly to popular frameworks like Node.js/JavaScript, the open source Java framework Quarkus comes with capabilities to build reactive applications to reduce the usage of memory and start up times significantly making Java ready for containers.

This article is part of a series of articles that documents how to modernize a sample Java EE application from 2010 with modern technologies.

27 Feb 2021 3:04pm GMT

26 Feb 2021

feedDZone Java Zone

How to Use Spring Boot and JHipster With Reactive Java Microservices

Even though it only came to prominence a few years ago, Java has been at the forefront of microservice architecture. Spring Cloud, Spring Data, and Spring Security, Java are well-known high-quality frameworks.

Spring WebFlux is a new web framework introduced by Spring Boot 2.0. While previous versions of Spring Boot only shipped with Spring MVC as an option, WebFlux gives the developers the chance to do reactive programming, meaning you can write your code with familiar syntax. As a result, your app will scale better and use up fewer resources.

26 Feb 2021 8:41pm GMT

How To Get Attribute Value In Selenium WebDriver


Testing a web page can be a gargantuan task, considering all the elements and variables that come together to make a page work. Selenium automation is a great way to overcome these challenges and automate everything you would manually do. For example, Selenium makes it so much easier to take a screenshot using Python instead of doing it manually every time you come across a website issue.

Similarly, there are multiple scenarios while writing automation test cases when we need to verify a specific attribute on the web page. To ease our execution, the method to getAttribute() in Selenium comes to the rescue. In this blog, we will understand what an attribute is and how we can handle web elements' attributes using the Selenium getAttribute() method.

26 Feb 2021 2:02am GMT

10 Nov 2011


OSDir.com - Java: Red Hat's top secret Java Killer/Successor: The Ceylon Project

From the Ceylon dept.:

Gavin King of Red Hat/Hibernate/Seam fame recently unveiled the top secret project that he has been working on over the past two years, a new language and SDK designed to replace Java in the enterprise. The project came out of hiding without much fanfare or publicity at QCon Beijing in a keynote titled "The Ceylon Project - the next generation of Java language?".

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: Oracle Introduces New Java Specification Requests to Evolve Java Community Process

From the Yet Another dept.:

To further its commitment to the Java Community Process (JCP), Oracle has submitted the first of two Java Specification Requests (JSRs) to update and revitalize the JCP.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: No copied Java code or weapons of mass destruction found in Android

From the Fact Checking dept.:

ZDNET: Sometimes the sheer wrongness of what is posted on the web leaves us speechless. Especially when it's picked up and repeated as gospel by otherwise reputable sites like Engadget. "Google copied Oracle's Java code, pasted in a new license, and shipped it," they reported this morning.

Sorry, but that just isn't true.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: Java SE 7 Released

From the Grande dept.:

Oracle today announced the availability of Java Platform, Standard Edition 7 (Java SE 7), the first release of the Java platform under Oracle stewardship.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: Java SE 7 Passes JCP

From the Jitters dept.:

The next edition of Java has been approved by a Java Community Process executive committee, but not without some acrimony.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: JDK 7 RC1 Released

From the JDK dept.:

After an initial round of testing we've declared build 147 to be the first Release Candidate of JDK 7.

There are only thirteen changes in this build. Over half of them are administrivial updates that don't affect the actual code; the remainder are true showstoppers, including several hard VM crashes and a JIT correctness bug identified by an Eclipse unit test.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: Google Files Sizzling Answer to Oracle's Amended Java Complaint

From the Counter dept.:

Google has filed its answer to Oracle's amended complaint and its memorandum opposing Oracle's Motion to Dismiss. And we find out why Google didn't just roll over and pay Oracle for a license. Oracle asked in its motion to dismiss that the counterclaims alleging that Oracle's patents are invalid be dismissed. So Google explains more thoroughly why it believes they are in fact invalid. First, Google asserts:

Each of the Patents-in-Suit is invalid under 35 U.S.C. § 101 because one or more claims are directed to abstract ideas or other non-statutory subject matter.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: Apache loses Java showdown vote to Oracle

From the Dis Harmony dept.:

The Apache Software Foundation - one of tech's most influential open-source groups - is closer to quitting Java's governing body after losing a stand-off vote against Oracle on Java.

The Reg has learned that with 75 per cent of qualifying Java Community Process (JCP) members having voted on whether to ratify Oracle's proposed roadmap for Java 7 and 8, Oracle's plan has been accepted.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: Apache Software Foundation Resigns from Java Community Process

From the So Long dept.:

The Apache Software Foundation has resigned its seat on the Java SE/EE Executive Committee. Apache has served on the EC for the past 10 years, winning the JCP "Member of the Year" award 4 times, and recently was ratified for another term with support from 95% of the voting community. Further, the project communities of the ASF, home to Apache Tomcat, Ant, Xerces, Geronimo, Velocity and nearly a 100 mainstay java components have implemented countless JSRs and serve on and contribute to many of the JCPs technical expert groups.

We'd like to provide some explanation to the community as to why we're taking this significant step.

The recent Java SE 7 vote was the last chance for the JCP EC to demonstrate that the EC has any intent to defend the JCP as an open specification process, and demonstrate that the letter and spirit of the law matter. To sum up the issues at stake in the vote, we believe that while continuing to fail to uphold their responsibilities under the JSPA, Oracle provided the EC with a Java SE 7 specification request and license that are self-contradictory, severely restrict distribution of independent implementations of the spec, and most importantly, prohibit the distribution of independent open source implementations of the spec. Oracle has refused to answer any reasonable and responsible questions from the EC regarding these problems.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

OSDir.com - Java: Apache Discontinues Independent Java Implementation 'Harmony'

From the DisHarmony dept.:

After the resignation of Apache from the Java SE/EE Executive Committee, the time has now come for Harmony to be added to the Apache Attic. Harmony was 'the project to produce an open source cleanroom implementation of Java.' An open vote was taken within the Project Management Committee, which resulted in a 20-2 majority to discontinue development.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

Javable: YourKit Java Profiler 7.0 released

The major update to YourKit Java Profiler has been released. Version 7.0 includes

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

Javable: Sun phases out mobile Java

Sun will gradually phase out mobile Java (Java Micro Edition) and move respective services to Standard Edition. "We're trying to converge

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

Javable: Google Android SDK is available

The development kit and API for Google mobile platform, Android, has been released.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

Javable: Consumer JRE Early Access

Sun has started an early access program to Java SE 6 Update N (formerly known as the "Consumer

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

Javable: NetBeans 6.0 released

New version of pure Java IDE has been released, with support for many new

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT

Javable: Happy New Year!

We wish a Happy New Year to all our readers and contributers. Hope to see you all in 2008.

10 Nov 2011 6:01am GMT