05 Sep 2015

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Scientists exploring wreck of sunken U-boat off Rhode Island

In this photo provided by the University of Rhode Island, scientists deploy a remotely operated submersible vehicle Friday, Sept. 4, 2015, to explore a German U-boat that sank at the end of World War II several miles off the Rhode Island coast. Scientists from the University's Inner Space Center, Connecticut's Ocean Exploration Trust and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy are attempting the exploration during a five-day trip that lasts through Sunday. (Alex DiCiccio/University of Rhode Island via AP)PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) - Scientists are using submersibles to explore a German U-boat sunk 7 miles off the Rhode Island coast the day before Nazi Germany surrendered in World War II, and they're streaming the attempts online as they work to learn more about shipwrecks and how they affect the environment.

05 Sep 2015 12:20am GMT

04 Sep 2015

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Boeing opens commercial spaceship plant in Florida

Boeing Company Chairman McNerney speaks at The Economic Club of WashingtonBy Irene Klotz CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - Boeing Co took the wraps off an assembly plant on Friday for its first line of commercial spaceships, which NASA plans to use to fly crews to the International Space Station, officials said. "This is a point in history that reflects a new era in human spaceflight," Boeing Chief Executive Dennis Muilenburg said at a grand opening ceremony at the Kennedy Space Center. Boeing's newly named CST-100 Starliner spaceships will be prepared for flight in a processing hangar once used by NASA's space shuttles.

04 Sep 2015 9:42pm GMT

Lab-Grown Bones? They Could Make Painful Grafts History (Op-Ed)

Lab-Grown Bones? They Could Make Painful Grafts History (Op-Ed)Nina Tandon is CEO and co-founder of EpiBone.com, a New York City based startup focus on engineering living bones made from patients' own cells. Tandon is a scientist, biomedical engineer, TED Senior Fellow and co-author of Super Cells: Building with Biology (TED Conferences, 2014). This op-ed is part of a series provided by the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneers, class of 2015. If you've lost a healthy bone to an accident or illness, or if you were born with bones that aren't the right shape, what do you do?

04 Sep 2015 8:45pm GMT

Using Loopholes, Nature May Save Galápagos Penguins (Op-Ed)

Using Loopholes, Nature May Save Galápagos Penguins (Op-Ed)A recent study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters found that wind-pattern changes in the tropical Pacific, together with the Galápagos Islands' location, has resulted in a shift in ocean currents. The prevailing trade winds from the southeast drive a westward surface current and bring up cold waters, ranging from 73 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (23 to 25 degrees Celsius), in the eastern equatorial Pacific from the Galápagos toward the international date line. The westward surface current piles up water from west of the date line all the way to New Guinea, resulting in a downhill flow of current below the surface back toward the Galápagos.

04 Sep 2015 8:45pm GMT

What If Doctors Could Heal Broken Genes? (Op-Ed)

Katrine Bosley is CEO, and Sandra Glucksmann COO, of Editas Medicine, a genome editing company targeting treatment of genetic diseases. The company was founded by pioneers in the field who have specific expertise in CRISPR/Cas9 and TALE technologies. World Economic Forum Technology Pioneers, class of 2015. The authors contributed this article to Live Science's Expert Voices: Op-Ed & Insights.

04 Sep 2015 8:43pm GMT

'Citizen Mars' Web Series Features Would-Be Red-Planet Colonists

'Citizen Mars' Web Series Features Would-Be Red-Planet Colonists"There's a tremendous amount of interest in the Mars One project, and many are skeptical about the mission's feasibility, which is why we thought it an important story to tell, and why the subjects involved are so compelling," Engadget Editor-in-Chief Michael Gorman said in a statement. "Citizen Mars" is billed as the first docu-drama to focus on the personal lives of Mars One contestants. Mars One's ambitious plans have attracted scrutinty and criticism.

04 Sep 2015 5:20pm GMT

The Moon Hits a Cosmic Bull's Eye Tonight: How to See It

The Moon Hits a Cosmic Bull's Eye Tonight: How to See ItIf you live in the eastern-third of the United States or southeast Canada and your local skies are clear on tonight (Sept. 4), take a good close look at the rising moon, which has a celestial date with a star this evening. The moon will appear 52-percent illuminated and be just hours before it reaches last quarter phase. If the bright star Aldebaran isn't right next to the moon, it may be directly behind the lunar disk and about to pop back out. Weather permitting, at least some stage of this occultation can be seen by North American observers living east and north of a line running from Duluth, Minnesota to Miami, Florida.

04 Sep 2015 5:19pm GMT

Toyota partners with Stanford, MIT on self-driving car research

A woman looks inside a Toyota Motor Corp's showroom in TokyoBy Paul Lienert DETROIT (Reuters) - Toyota Motor Corp is collaborating with two top U.S. universities on artificial intelligence and robotics research aimed at ramping up the Japanese automaker's efforts to develop self-driving cars. Toyota said on Friday that it would spend $50 million over the next five years to establish joint research centers at both universities, one in the heart of Silicon Valley and the other outside Boston. Toyota has lagged behind rivals in developing self-driving cars and implementing hands-free driver assistance systems.

04 Sep 2015 5:02pm GMT

Snot-filled whale research takes flight

By Ben Gruber Gloucester, Mass. (Reuters) - Snotbot is a drone whose name describes it perfectly, it's a robot that collects snot, specifically whale snot. Up until now, gathering samples for whale research involved shooting darts that penetrated the body. Instead of shooting darts at a whale for biopsy samples, a whale can unknowingly shoot snot at a drone. "We believe that whale snot or exhaled breath condensate is going to be the golden egg of data from a whale.

04 Sep 2015 11:05am GMT

Three-man international crew safely reaches space station

Cosmonauts Aimbetov of Kazakhstan, Volkov of Russia and astronaut Mogensen of Denmark pose behind glass wall after news conference at Baikonur cosmodromeA Russian Soyuz spaceship safely delivered a three-man international crew, including Denmark's first astronaut, to the International Space Station (ISS) on Friday, a day after having had to maneuver to avoid colliding with space debris. The Soyuz TMA-18M blasted off to the $100 billion space laboratory from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Wednesday to take Russian Commander Sergei Volkov, Kazakh cosmonaut Aidyn Aimbetov and Danish astronaut Andreas Mogensen into orbit.

04 Sep 2015 8:20am GMT

03 Sep 2015

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Key radar fails on $1 billion NASA environmental satellite

File photo of United Launch Alliance rocket launching from Vandenberg Air Force Base in CaliforniaBy Irene Klotz CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - A key instrument on a $1 billion NASA satellite has failed, reducing scientists' ability to capture data to measure the moisture in Earth's soil in order to improve flood forecasting and monitor climate change, officials said on Thursday. A second instrument remains operational aboard the 2,100-pound (950-kg) Soil Moisture Active Passive satellite, though its level of detail is far more limited. The satellite's high-powered radar system, capable of collecting data in swaths of land as small as about 2 miles (3 km) across, failed in July after less than three months in operation, NASA said.

03 Sep 2015 8:51pm GMT

The Science of Adorable: What It Takes to Win #CuteOff

The Science of Adorable: What It Takes to Win #CuteOffScience Twitter has gone full squee. "I don't generally think of fish as cute, but there were some alarmingly cute fish," said Anne Hilborn, a doctoral student and cheetah researcher at Virginia Tech who helped launch the hashtag. Based on the types of animals posted - and previous scientific research on adorableness - here are seven features that could help an animal win a cuteness contest.

03 Sep 2015 7:22pm GMT

Scientists turn to aspirin to turbo-charge cancer immunotherapy

By Ben Hirschler LONDON (Reuters) - Giving cheap aspirin to cancer patients may turbo-charge the effectiveness of expensive new medicines that help their immune systems fight tumours, experiments on mice suggest. Immunotherapy promises to revolutionise cancer care by offering a better, longer-lasting response with fewer adverse side effects than conventional treatment, but the new drugs do not work well in all cases. One reason is that cancer cells often produce large amounts of the molecule prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which turns down the immune system's normal attack response to tumour cells, according to scientists at London's new Francis Crick Institute.

03 Sep 2015 4:58pm GMT

#JunkOff: Why Animal Genitals Are Important to Science

Did you know that male black widow spiders have corkscrew-shaped genitals? If you've been following scientists on Twitter in the past week or so, you probably do. "It all goes back to the basis of animal behavior and evolution," said Anne Hilborn, a doctoral student at Virginia Tech and cheetah researcher who launched #JunkOff and helped start the warmer-and-fuzzier follow-up hashtag, #CuteOff.

03 Sep 2015 2:01pm GMT

02 Sep 2015

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New NASA soil moisture satellite loses 1 science instrument

This undated image provided by NASA shows NASA’s Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) observatory mission, launched in January to map global soil moisture and detect whether soils are frozen or thawed. NASA said Wednesday, Sept. 2, 2015 that it's radar instrument has ceased working but it will continue to provide science data from a second instrument. (NASA via AP)LOS ANGELES (AP) - A NASA satellite launched just seven months ago has lost the use of one of two science instruments, but the space agency said Wednesday that the mission to map global soil moisture will continue.

02 Sep 2015 10:24pm GMT

Regeneron scientists discover key to excess bone growth in rare disease

Abnormal bone formation in soft tissue, a process known as heterotopic ossification, in the hindlimb region of a mouse model of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressivaBy Julie Steenhuysen CHICAGO (Reuters) - Scientists at U.S. biotechnology company Regeneron Pharmaceuticals researching a rare genetic disease that traps sufferers in a second skeleton have discovered a treatment that shuts down excessive bone growth in mice engineered to develop the illness. Company scientists said on Wednesday the protein Activin-A, which normally blocks bone growth, triggers hyperactive bone growth in patients with a genetic mutation that causes the disease. The disease is known as Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva, or FOP.

02 Sep 2015 6:01pm GMT